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base_connect.c

/* --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * License
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Jabber Open Source License
 * Version 1.0 (the "JOSL").  You may not copy or use this file, in either
 * source code or executable form, except in compliance with the JOSL. You
 * may obtain a copy of the JOSL at http://www.jabber.org/ or at
 * http://www.opensource.org/.  
 *
 * Software distributed under the JOSL is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.  See the JOSL
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * JOSL.
 *
 * Copyrights
 * 
 * Portions created by or assigned to Jabber.com, Inc. are 
 * Copyright (c) 1999-2002 Jabber.com, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.  Contact
 * information for Jabber.com, Inc. is available at http://www.jabber.com/.
 *
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1998-1999 Jeremie Miller.
 * 
 * Acknowledgements
 * 
 * Special thanks to the Jabber Open Source Contributors for their
 * suggestions and support of Jabber.
 * 
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of the
 * GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), in which case
 * the provisions of the GPL are applicable instead of those above.  If you
 * wish to allow use of your version of this file only under the terms of the
 * GPL and not to allow others to use your version of this file under the JOSL,
 * indicate your decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them
 * with the notice and other provisions required by the GPL.  If you do not
 * delete the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file
 * under either the JOSL or the GPL. 
 * 
 * 
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 
#include "jabberd.h"

/* ---------------------------------------------------------
   base_connect - Connects to a specified host/port and 
                  exchanges xmlnodes with it over a socket
   ---------------------------------------------------------

   USAGE:
     <connect>
        <ip>1.2.3.4</ip>
          <port>2020</port>
          <secret>foobar</secret>
          <timeout>5</timeout>
        <tries>15</tries>
     </connect>

   TODO: 
   - Add packet aging/delivery heartbeat
*/

/* Connection states */
typedef enum { conn_DIE, conn_CLOSED, conn_OPEN, conn_AUTHD } conn_state;

/* conn_info - stores thread data for a connection */
typedef struct
{
    mio           io;
    conn_state    state;      /* Connection status (closed, opened, auth'd) */
    char*         hostip;     /* Server IP */
    u_short       hostport;   /* Server port */
    char*         secret;     /* Connection secret */
    int           timeout;      /* timeout for connect() in seconds */
    int           tries_left;   /* how many more times are we going to try to connect? */
    pool          mempool;    /* Memory pool for this struct */
    instance      inst;         /* Matching instance for this connection */
    pth_msgport_t   write_queue;    /* Queue of write_buf packets which need to be written */
    dpacket dplast; /* special circular reference detector */
} *conn_info, _conn_info;

/* conn_write_buf - stores a dpacket that needs to be written to the socket */
typedef struct
{
    pth_message_t head;
    dpacket     packet;
} *conn_write_buf, _conn_write_buf;

void base_connect_process_xml(mio m, int state, void* arg, xmlnode x);

/* Deliver packets to the socket io thread */
result base_connect_deliver(instance i, dpacket p, void* arg)
{
    conn_info ci = (conn_info)arg;

    /* Insert the message into the write_queue if we don't have an MIO socket yet.. */
    if (ci->state != conn_AUTHD)
    {
        conn_write_buf entry = pmalloco(p->p, sizeof(_conn_write_buf));
        entry->packet = p;
        pth_msgport_put(ci->write_queue, (pth_message_t*)entry);
    }
    /* Otherwise, write directly to the MIO socket */
    else
    {
        if(ci->dplast == p) /* don't handle packets that we generated! doh! */
            deliver_fail(p,"Circular Reference Detected");
        else
            mio_write(ci->io, p->x, NULL, 0);
    }

    return r_DONE;

}

/* this runs from another thread under mtq */
void base_connect_connect(void *arg)
{
    conn_info ci = (conn_info)arg;
    pth_sleep(2); /* take a break */
    mio_connect(ci->hostip, ci->hostport, base_connect_process_xml, (void*)ci, ci->timeout, NULL, mio_handlers_new(NULL, NULL, MIO_XML_PARSER));
}

void base_connect_process_xml(mio m, int state, void* arg, xmlnode x)
{
    conn_info ci = (conn_info)arg;
    xmlnode cur;
    char  hashbuf[41];

    log_debug(ZONE, "process XML: m:%X state:%d, arg:%X, x:%X", m, state, arg, x);

    switch (state)
    {
        case MIO_NEW:

            ci->state = conn_OPEN;
            ci->io = m;

            /* Send a stream header to the server */
            log_debug(ZONE, "base_connecting: %X, %X, %s", ci, ci->inst, ci->inst->id); 

            cur = xstream_header("jabber:component:accept", ci->inst->id, NULL);
            mio_write(m, NULL, xstream_header_char(cur), -1);
            xmlnode_free(cur);

            return;

        case MIO_XML_ROOT:
            /* Extract stream ID and generate a key to hash */
            shahash_r(spools(x->p, xmlnode_get_attrib(x, "id"), ci->secret, x->p), hashbuf);

            /* Build a handshake packet */
            cur = xmlnode_new_tag("handshake");
            xmlnode_insert_cdata(cur, hashbuf, -1);

            /* Transmit handshake */
            mio_write(m, NULL, xmlnode2str(cur), -1);

            xmlnode_free(cur);
            xmlnode_free(x);
            return;

        case MIO_XML_NODE:
            /* Only deliver packets after the connection is auth'd */
            if (ci->state == conn_AUTHD)
            {
                ci->dplast = dpacket_new(x); /* store the addr of the dpacket we're sending to detect circular delevieries */
                deliver(ci->dplast, ci->inst);
                ci->dplast = NULL;
                return;
            }

            /* If a handshake packet is recv'd from the server, we have successfully auth'd -- go ahead and update the connection state */
            if (j_strcmp(xmlnode_get_name(x), "handshake") == 0)
            {
                /* Flush all packets queued up for delivery */
                conn_write_buf b;
                while ((b = (conn_write_buf) pth_msgport_get(ci->write_queue)) != NULL)
                    mio_write(ci->io, b->packet->x, NULL, 0);
                /* Update connection state flag */
                ci->state = conn_AUTHD;
            }
            xmlnode_free(x);
            return;

        case MIO_CLOSED:

            if(ci->state == conn_DIE)
                return; /* server is dying */

            /* Always restart the connection after it closes for any reason */
            ci->state = conn_CLOSED;
            if(ci->tries_left != -1) 
                ci->tries_left--;

            if(ci->tries_left == 0)
            {
                fprintf(stderr, "Base Connect Failed: service %s was unable to connect to %s:%d, unrecoverable error, exiting", ci->inst->id, ci->hostip, ci->hostport);
                exit(1);
            }

            /* pause 2 seconds, and reconnect */
            log_debug(ZONE, "Base Connect Failed to connect to %s:%d Retry [%d] in 2 seconds...", ci->hostip, ci->hostport, ci->tries_left);
            mtq_send(NULL,ci->mempool,base_connect_connect,(void *)ci);

            return;
    }
}

void base_connect_kill(void *arg)
{
    conn_info ci = (conn_info)arg;
    ci->state = conn_DIE;
}

result base_connect_config(instance id, xmlnode x, void *arg)
{
    char*     secret = NULL;
    int       timeout;
    int       tries;
    int port;
    conn_info ci = NULL;

    /* Extract info */
    port    = j_atoi(xmlnode_get_tag_data(x, "port"),0);
    secret  = xmlnode_get_tag_data(x, "secret");
    timeout = j_atoi(xmlnode_get_tag_data(x, "timeout"), 5);
    tries   = j_atoi(xmlnode_get_tag_data(x, "tries"), -1); 

    if(id == NULL)
    {
        log_debug(ZONE,"base_accept_config validating configuration\n");
        if(port == 0 || (secret == NULL))
        {
            xmlnode_put_attrib(x, "error", "<connect> requires the following subtags: <port>, and <secret>");
            return r_ERR;
        }
        return r_PASS;
    }

    log_debug(ZONE, "Activating configuration: %s\n", xmlnode2str(x));

    /* Allocate a conn structures, using this instances' mempool */
    ci              = pmalloco(id->p, sizeof(_conn_info));
    ci->mempool     = id->p;
    ci->state       = conn_CLOSED;
    ci->inst        = id;
    ci->hostip      = pstrdup(ci->mempool, xmlnode_get_tag_data(x,"ip"));
    if(ci->hostip == NULL) ci->hostip = pstrdup(ci->mempool, "127.0.0.1");
    ci->hostport    = port;
    ci->secret      = pstrdup(ci->mempool, secret);
    ci->write_queue = pth_msgport_create(ci->hostip);
    ci->timeout     = timeout;
    ci->tries_left  = tries;

    /* Register a handler to recieve inbound data for this instance */
    register_phandler(id, o_DELIVER, base_connect_deliver, (void*)ci);
     
    /* Make a connection to the host, in another thread */
    mtq_send(NULL,ci->mempool,base_connect_connect,(void *)ci);

    register_shutdown(base_connect_kill, (void *)ci);

    return r_DONE;
}

void base_connect(void)
{
    log_debug(ZONE,"base_connect loading...\n");
    register_config("connect",base_connect_config,NULL);
}

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